The Mahabharata by Kaliprasanna Singha: Where to Find and Download the Pdf for Free
Kaliprasanna Singha Mahabharata Pdf Free Download
If you are looking for a way to download the Kaliprasanna Singha Mahabharata Pdf for free, you have come to the right place. In this article, I will tell you everything you need to know about this amazing translation of the ancient Hindu epic, the Mahabharata. You will learn who was Kaliprasanna Singha, what is the Mahabharata, why should you read it, and how to download it legally and ethically. By the end of this article, you will be ready to dive into one of the greatest literary works of all time.
Kaliprasanna Singha Mahabharata Pdf Free Download
Who was Kaliprasanna Singha?
Kaliprasanna Singha was a Bengali author, playwright, and philanthropist who lived in the 19th century. He is best known for his translation of the Mahabharata into Bengali, which is considered one of his most remarkable achievements. He is also remembered for his other works, such as Hootum Pyanchar Naksha, a collection of satirical sketches that depict the Bengali urban society of his time. He was also a generous patron of arts and culture, who supported several people and movements in distress.
His life and achievements
Kaliprasanna Singha was born on 23 February 1840 (or 1841) in Kolkata, into a wealthy and influential family. His father, Nandalal Singha, was one of the directors of Hindu College, Kolkata. Kaliprasanna lost his father when he was only six years old, and was raised by his guardian, Babu Hara Chandra Ghosh, a judge of the lower court. Kaliprasanna showed extraordinary talents from a young age. He had a photographic memory and could recollect anything that he saw or heard once. He also had a keen interest in literature and culture. He founded the Vidyotsahini Sabha at age 14, a literary society that organized theatrical performances and debates. He also became friends with many eminent personalities of his time, such as Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Michael Madhusudan Dutt, and others.
Kaliprasanna married twice in his life. His first wife died within a few years of their marriage. His second wife was Sharatkumari, the sister of Prabhas Chandra Basu, another famous Bengali writer. Kaliprasanna had no children from either marriage. He died at the young age of 29 or 30 on 24 July 1870.
His translation of the Mahabharata
Kaliprasanna's most famous work was his translation of the Mahabharata into Bengali. The Mahabharata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, along with the Ramayana. It is a vast and complex narrative that tells the story of the Kurukshetra War, a conflict between two branches of a royal family, the Kauravas and the Pandavas, over the throne of Hastinapura. The Mahabharata also contains many stories within stories, philosophical discourses, ethical teachings, and religious doctrines. It is considered one of the longest and most influential literary works in the world.
Kaliprasanna started his translation project when he was only 18 years old. He hired a team of scholars and pandits to help him with the task. He also consulted various manuscripts and commentaries of the Mahabharata to ensure accuracy and completeness. He completed the translation in 1866, after eight years of hard work. He published it in 18 volumes, comprising more than 5000 pages. He dedicated his work to Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar, who praised him for his achievement. Kaliprasanna's translation is widely regarded as a faithful and elegant rendition of the original Sanskrit text. It is also the first complete translation of the Mahabharata into any modern Indian language.
His other works and legacy
Kaliprasanna was not only a translator, but also an original writer and a playwright. His book Hootum Pyanchar Naksha (literally "Sketches by a Watching Owl") is a compilation of satirical social sketches that reflect the Bengali urban society of his time. He wrote it under the pen name Hootum Pyancha, which means "a curious owl". The book is full of humor, wit, and sarcasm, and exposes the hypocrisy, corruption, and decadence of the babus (the upper-class Bengalis) of Kolkata. The book is considered one of the earliest examples of modern Bengali prose.
Kaliprasanna also wrote several plays, such as Malati Madhava (a romantic comedy), Vikramorvashi (a mythological drama), and Sacontala (an adaptation of Kalidasa's Shakuntala). He also edited several journals and magazines, such as Vidyotsahini Patrika, Hindu Mela Patrika, and Bharat Mihir.
Kaliprasanna was also a philanthropist who helped several people and movements in distress. He donated money and land to various causes, such as education, health care, famine relief, widow remarriage, women's emancipation, and cultural revival. He also supported the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against the British rule. He was honored with several titles and awards for his contributions to society.
Kaliprasanna's legacy lives on in his works and in his influence on Bengali literature and culture. He is regarded as one of the pioneers of modern Bengali prose and one of the greatest translators of all time. His translation of the Mahabharata is still widely read and admired by millions of Bengalis. His book Hootum Pyanchar Naksha is also considered a classic of Bengali satire. He has inspired many writers and artists who have followed him, such as Sunil Gangopadhyay, who recreated his life and times in his novel Sei Somoy (Those Days).
What is the Mahabharata?
The Mahabharata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, along with the Ramayana. It is a vast and complex narrative that tells the story of the Kurukshetra War, a conflict between two branches of a royal family, the Kauravas and the Pandavas, over the throne of Hastinapura. The Mahabharata also contains many stories within stories, philosophical discourses, ethical teachings, and religious doctrines. It is considered one of the longest and most influential literary works in the world.
The story and characters
The story of the Mahabharata begins with Shantanu, the king of Hastinapura, who marries Ganga, a goddess in human form. They have a son named Devavrata, who later becomes known as Bhishma, one of the greatest warriors and sages in history. Shantanu later marries Satyavati, a fisherwoman's daughter, who bears him two sons: Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. After Shantanu's death, Bhishma becomes the regent and arranges marriages for his half-brothers. Chitrangada dies without an heir, while Vichitravirya marries two princesses: Ambika and Ambalika. However, Vichitravirya also dies without an heir.
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